What Does An Anesthesiologist Do
Anesthesiologist is a physician who provides medical care to
patients during surgical procedures. The work of an anesthesiologist is to ensure administration of anesthesia to patients in almost all health care settings. The anesthesiologist is typically the first to treat and diagnose any medical problems that may arise during or after surgery. Anesthesia serves to temporarily blocking sensation including pain, which allows a patient to undergo various medical procedures such as surgery without pain that they would otherwise experience. The main role played by an anesthesiologist is ensuring the well being and safety of patients, before the surgery, during the surgery and as well after the surgery. This role will involve placing a patient in a temporarily state of unconsciousness, it may also involve making only part of the body numb by providing regional anesthetics or administration of sedation when need be for relief of pain.
The role of the anesthesiologist will extend beyond the theatre or operating room. This is so because the anesthesiologist is tasked with the responsibility of preoperative assessment of a patient. This role involves evaluating the current state of health of a patient and the intended surgical procedure. This will enable the anesthesiologist to make a decision on the safest anesthesia to use for each particular individual patient.
The Anesthesiologist responsibility also extends to the patients well being postoperatively, this is when the patient emerges from the effects of the anesthesia that had been administered to him/her. This will mainly involve administering medication to reverse the anesthetic effect, bringing a patient back to consciousness where a general anesthetic has been used. Once the patient leaves the operating room, the anesthesiologist is responsible of supervising medical staff that monitor the patient, and will also be responsible allowing the patient leave the recovery room once the patient sufficiently recovers.
The anesthesiologist is also ethically responsible to inform a patient about the administration of anesthetics, if a patient is unconscious, then the anesthesiologist should inform a closely related family member. The anesthesiologist should discuss the risks, alternatives and also the benefit of a particular chosen technique with the patient, who if not in a position to do so the anesthesiologist should discuss with a patient relative or caretaker.
Other roles include consulting with the surgical team; this will involve interacting with the other members of the surgical to ensure that the necessary anesthesia will be administered to the patient to ensure the surgery goes on well, thus enabling the anesthesiologist to plan. Preparation of patients for emergency surgery is another critical role an anesthesiologist plays, that will involve the anesthesiologist making decisions, based on his extensive knowledge when an emergency surgery arises.
From the roles given of what an anesthesiologist does, it is clear that this job cannot be performed by anyone due to its sensitive nature. It requires one to have extensive skills beside the technical skills that come in handy during the performance of their job. An anesthesiologist should be able to keep calm during critical situations and should also maintain concentration during long surgical procedure.